April 22, 2019
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.....SOLD.....1800s St. Johns Quebec Stone Chinaware plate
.....SOLD.....1800s St. Johns Quebec Stone Chinaware plate George W. FarrarÂ’s was the promoter of the St Johns Stone Chinaware Company, the first whiteware pottery in Canada, established in 1873.
A Canadian family of potters of American origin. They were descended from English colonists and were potting in Vermont by 1795. They made two important contributions to Canadian pottery: they introduced stoneware potting and promoted Canada's first whiteware pottery. In 1840 Moses Farrar (bc. 1810) and Isaac Newton Soule built the first stoneware pottery in Canada in St Johns (now St Jean, Quebec), importing the necessary American clay for salt-glazed wares via the Lake Champlain-Richelieu River waterway. In the 1850s Ebenezer Lawrence Farrar (d 1857), proprietor of potteries in both Fairfax, VT, and St Johns, acquired the assistance of his brother George Whitfield Farrar (1812-81). When Ebenezer Farrar died, George Farrar remained in St Johns to make earthenware and stoneware and to enlarge the scope and nature of Canadian ceramics by vigorous promotion in 1873 of the St Johns Stone Chinaware Co. for white-bodied earthenware. Though only briefly connected with the final organization of this company, George Whitfield Farrar had been the prime mover behind it. In 1876, after a fire, his own yellow ware and stoneware factory, in which his sons joined him, was relocated across the river in Iberville, Quebec. The Farrars encouraged the ceramic industry in an area that became known as the Staffordshire of Canada and brought innovation to Canadian potting in general. George Farrar's son George Henry Farrar (1843-1927) eventually succeeded his father, but stoneware was being replaced by newer materials. He sold the pottery just before his death, and within five years it was closed.
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